Informa

Analysis of some common operations in sign making

04.01.2020 22:52

 
 
1.How to fill color by oil-water separation in sign making
 
In the process of making signs, the oil-water separation coloring method is widely used. The oil-water separation method is used for coloring, which saves labor and time. The specific operation method is to make a convex pattern through the etching process. Apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly, and then spray paint. After the sprayed paint is completely dry, warm it to 50 ° C with hot water.
The petroleum jelly can be dissolved after the temperature rises. At this time, the convex surface paint film can be removed by the end surface of the plexiglass and plastic sheet, and then finely sanded with fine sandpaper.
The key in the operation of this method is that the vaseline should be thin and not spilled. When painting vaseline, the plate surface of the processed graphics is placed in a box containing water, and the water surface exceeds the plate surface (1 to 3) mm. The surface of the hard plastic roller is evenly coated with a thin layer of petroleum jelly. The petroleum jelly is rolled on the convex surface of the sign using the principle of oil-water separation. Due to the water on the concave surface, petroleum jelly cannot roll on the concave surface and can only roll on the convex surface. In this way, the paint is sprayed after drying, and the paint can only be glued firmly on the concave surface to achieve the purpose of accurate color filling.
 
2. Die cutting for identification sign
 
Die cutting refers to the cutting of plastic films with a thickness of less than 0.2mm. This thickness is basically a commonly used specification for signs, panels, and watch plates in identification signs. Therefore, die-cutting dies have become the mainstream of signage die-cutting.
 Die-cutting molds are usually made of finished blades, shaped into a certain shape according to the shape of the identification plate, and inlaid in a wooden base plate. This is also called a blade mold. Manually, first draw a wire saw to cut the grooves on the wooden floor according to the required shape, then bend the blade in a simple forming machine, insert it into the wire groove and fix it, and glue an elastic sponge in the cavity for the elastic material.
Although the hand-made blade mold is simple and easy, it is difficult to control the shape with complex shapes and precision requirements. At the same time, because there is no comparison of one mold and one workpiece, it is more adaptable.  The consistency of the finished product is difficult.
 
3.Precautions for sign screen printing
 
Selection of screen printing sign method ①Manual screen printing platform; ②Flat screen printing machine They each have different characteristics and should be selected according to specific needs, but the common requirement is high repeat accuracy to facilitate accurate position during overprint. Manual printing is the basis of machine printing. With the feeling of manual printing, the machine can be adjusted. When printing a large area, it is difficult for the manual screen printing platform to control the accurate position during overprinting. At this time, a flat screen printing machine is required. solve. After the pressure adjustment of the screen printer is consistent, it is stronger than the manual screen printing. Come on logo Although the accuracy of the position of the manual screen printing overprint is not as accurate as that of the screen brushing machine, the ink of the manual screen printing screen has a strong adhesion, is not easy to fade, has a long life and high grade. Manual screen printing is generally recommended, especially on aluminum alloy panels. Therefore, screen printing signs, panels, manual screen printing platforms and screen printing machines should be equipped to meet different needs.
Screen printing label screen size control Screen printing labels, panels, labels, no screen distance will not work, screen distance is too large. Generally, the screen tension is large, and the screen distance is the best. In this way, the scratch is a line contact, which can be popped up in time. The general rule is that the screen distance of the micro screen printing plate is 0.5 ~ 1mm, the screen distance of the small screen printing plate is 2 ~ 3mm, the screen distance of the medium screen printing plate is 3 ~ 5mm, and that of the large screen printing plate (such as 1m × 0.8m). The net distance is 5 to 7 mm.
Adjustment of Screen Printing Ink When using ink, it is necessary to adjust the thickness and thickness of the ink, and stir it evenly, and eliminate the bubbles, and then use it after adjustment.
Squeegees for screen printing signs and panels Scrapers are required to be sharp, flat, hard, elastic, notch-free, and solvent-resistant. The tip is required for clear printing; the scraper can be checked for flatness with a glass plate, if it is uneven, it must be flattened; the hardness of the scraper is usually 70 °, the medium hardness; the elasticity is required to avoid printing with a slight unevenness. There must be no gaps on the blade; it is also required to be resistant to solvents so that the blade is not easily damaged.
 
Source: Vientiane Sign